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I wanted to share my experience and memories with future travelers.

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Before traveling in Crete, I just found information about hotels and restaurants on the internet. The essential was missing : How do people live in Crete?

Which are the customs on the Greek island? What can I visit?

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What do landscapes look like in Crete? It was slightly confusing at times as to which island he was visiting and a few headings wouldn't have gone amiss, but a lovely book about some lovely places. Stella Hatzi rated it it was amazing Jul 16, Rebecca Lovin rated it really liked it Aug 02, Fiona Frew rated it really liked it Jul 22, Destunis rated it it was ok Apr 08, Mrgowen rated it liked it May 27, Traveling rated it really liked it Jul 18, Serenah Mckay rated it it was ok Jul 03, Marina Andreou marked it as to-read Oct 07, Diana marked it as to-read Sep 14, Katherine marked it as to-read Apr 03, Sara Alexi marked it as to-read Apr 11, Pat Winter marked it as to-read Apr 12, Sheran Edward is currently reading it Jun 10, Sandra marked it as to-read Jun 10, Debbie Economidis marked it as to-read Jun 10, Ruthie Lewis marked it as to-read Jun 10, Sharon Scott marked it as to-read Jun 10, Merete Aasen marked it as to-read Aug 04, Janice Colley marked it as to-read Nov 16, Michele marked it as to-read Dec 12, Michael Metcalfe and Malcolm Wiener for drawing my attention to the shortcomings of my account of the dating of the Minoan-period eruption of Thera.

I had simply failed to bring myself up to date on the complex and heated debate of recent years on this subject in the academic world.

Malcolm Wiener, a widely published, world-authority on this subject, kindly but firmly pointed out the errors of my reading of the situation after a lecture given by me at the Getty Villa in Malibu in January this year. Since the Santorini volume has now almost completely sold out, we are currently preparing a new printing of it which includes some major corrections.

Greeks Watch and Wait for What the Future Holds: Reporter’s Notebook

The summary of these issues regarding the dating of the 17th or 16th century bc eruption of Thera now reads as follows:. Dating the eruption. The historically significant effects of the eruption of Thera on the island of Crete, and on Minoan and Eastern Mediterranean civilisation in general, make it vitally important to understand precisely when the eruption of Santorini occurred. It is one of the most valuable fixed points of Eastern Mediterranean chronology.

It was, after all, a hypothesis that the cataclysm was directly responsible for the evidence of destruction in Crete in the Late Bronze Age that spurred Spyridon Marinatos to excavate at Akrotiri in the first place, and to make the discoveries he did. He surmised, and produced good evidence from pottery-styles in support of his theory, that the eruption occurred around BC, that it profoundly ruptured and hobbled the Palace Culture of Crete and opened a breach into which pushed the ever opportunistic Mycenaeans from mainland Greece.

Lesbos - openings, closures and improvements.

One scholar, Hans Goedicke, sought to bring the date further forward to BC: his desire was to make it coincide with the date required by a pharaonic inscription of the reign of Thutmose III which appears to describe the events of the crossing of the Red Sea by the Israelites known to us best from Exodus 14 , vv. In this way, he suggested, we can explain the extraordinary phenomenon of the sea withdrawing and then returning to crush the Egyptian forces as a consequence of tidal displacements and tsumani caused by the eruption of Santorini.

Personal Thoughts

New physical research at the end of the last century called for a radical adjustment to these estimates, however. The dust propelled into the stratosphere in an eruption of such magnitude causes a period of global cooling, with a parallel reduction in the growth of trees. Dendrochronologists have noted both narrow growth rings among oaks preserved in the bogs of Ireland and in fossilised bristle-cone pines in California for the period corresponding to the decade following BC.

This date initially appeared to be corroborated by examination of signs of increased acidity and the presence of minute shards of volcanic glass in the Greenland ice-sheet, which Danish geologists dated to c. Most recently, radio-carbon dating of seeds and wood found in the ash on Santorini itself, would seem to allow for a date of no later than BC.

Physical analysis therefore argued that the eruption occurred somewhere around BC , and that, although its effect on Crete and the other neighbouring islands must have been momentarily devastating, it could not sensibly be considered more than the first event in a domino chain of consequences over the next two centuries which may have led to the ultimate demise of Minoan civilisation. These results are in direct contradistinction to the no less scientific or coherent findings of archaeology.