Book Pages: Illustrations: Published: January Freccero takes issue with New Historicist accounts of sexual identity that claim to respect historical proprieties and to derive identity categories from the past. She urges us to see how the indeterminacies of subjectivity found in literary texts challenge identitarian constructions and she encourages us to read differently the relation between history and literature.
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Past, Present 2. Always Already Queer French Theory 13 3. Undoing the Histories of Homosexuality 31 4.
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Futures 5. Queer Spectrality 69 Notes Bibliography Index Rights Back to Top. Awards Back to Top. Recent books include with Paul Erikson et al. Her current projects include a history of rules, based on her Lawrence Stone Lectures at Princeton University, the emergence of Big Science and Big Humanities in the context of nineteenth-century archives, and the relationship between moral and natural orders. Professor Eden began teaching at Columbia in She studies the history of rhetorical and poetic theory in antiquity, including late antiquity, and the Renaissance, within the larger context of intellectual history and with an emphasis on the problems of reception.
Her current project explores epistolary theory and the construction of letter collections in antiquity and the Renaissance. Professor Hutson's interests are in the relationship between literary form and the formal aspects of non-literary culture. Dr Elizabeth L.zoetourbillondelavie.org/wp-content/117-plaquenil-buy.php
Dr Rebecca Tomlin. Dr Tomlin is project alumni, having worked as a research associate on the project between February and January My research interests are inter- disciplinary and lie in the areas of the literature, drama and history of early modern London, with a particular interest in the spaces of commerce and charity. In it, I ask what it meant to be a good neighbour and how early modern thinking on this question was bound up with ideas about charitable giving and receiving.
Using two forms of story-telling as evidence, the first being charitable petitions heard in the church of St Botolph's, Aldgate, and the other, the drama contemporary with those petitions, I show how these forms of story-telling worked alongside each other in a common cultural discourse to shape ideas of neighbourhood in early modern London.
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Charity and neighbourhood are shown to be geographically, socially, and spiritually inter-connected, with beggars defined as neighbours, and with obligations towards them tested under the social disruption arising from London's rapid expansion. The research that I will be carrying out at the Huntington will be based on primary evidence and will contribute towards my discussion of contemporary attitudes towards begging in this volume.
In a separate but aligned interest, I also work on sixteenth and seventeenth century double-entry book-keeping manuals as pedagogical texts which attempted to present an essentially practical applied technique as an art, and how authors variously fashioned themselves as scholars, practitioners and teachers within the commercial and pedagogical communities of early modern London. In addition to my research activities, I am employed part-time as Governance Officer at the Society of Antiquaries of London. If you would like to be kept up-to-date with the events we hold at the Centre and around Cambridge, please join our mailing list.
Theology Natural philosophy Economic thinking Law The final year will consolidate the project with specific events. Professor Lorraine Daston Max Planck Institute for the History of Science Professor Daston has published on a wide range of topics in the history of science, including the history of probability and statistics, wonders in early modern science, the emergence of the scientific fact, scientific models, objects of scientific inquiry, the moral authority of nature, and the history of scientific objectivity.
Holmes Dr Elizabeth L. How Digital Changed the Music Industry. It would be equally mistaken to present these different models of exemplarity in opposition to each other; Domenge herself fused the Dominican tradition she knew so well with more recent Carmelite innovations, with the result that one section of her life was devoted to some avisos de Santa Teresa The most visible of these non-monastic settings was the court in Madrid. In fact, Spain appears to have been the European country most willing to confer on select charismatic women a high degree of visibility and the broadest possibilities of public protagonism, and in this context autobiography played a central role, especially within the politics of religious reputation Such situations were admittedly unusual.
Unusual enough, in fact, to distract attention from the many obstacles in the path of a pilgrim's progress for women. A closer look at the Carmelite reform, for example, reveals that the post-Teresian era was a highly conflictual period, and that when it came to a close the possibilities for the exercise of female spiritual charisma had been substantially reduced.
In some respects, the battle lines had been drawn in clashes over the figure of Teresa herself immediately before and after her death. Her subsequent canonization should not lead us to overlook the basic fact that the publication of her writings was a far from foregone conclusion 13 , and that polemic continued to surround her, as could be seen in the controversy over her sharing the status of co-patron saint with Santiago, or St James What I am suggesting, in other words, is that underneath the outward cover of seeming prosperity for Teresa and her reform lay a deep sense of unease, perhaps even anguish.
The ex-monk was not wrong in seeing his personal loss as signalling a broader victory for the enemies of reform, who effectively marshalled their forces to neutralize the proposals for radical change inherent in the Teresian project. The overall consequence was a symbolic victory for the iconic figure of the foundress of a movement that slowly grounded to a halt, stymied by a combination of conservative opposition within and beyond the Carmelite order, and the deepening poverty of imperial Spain which put an end to experiments of all kinds.
Which brings us to the third and final phase. What should we call it: defeat? It is difficult to characterize this situation, thanks largely to our ignorance concerning the reaction of female autobiographers to these changing conditions. That we lack a repertory and studies of women's writings for the eighteenth century similar to those for the two preceding centuries surely is no accident.
Not only has the existing historiography shown a notable reluctance to assess the Teresian movement in political and institutional terms; in regard to literary output itself, there appears to have been a major falling-off beginning in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth centuries. Of these women, only 24 lived in the eighteenth century, and only 8 beyond That autobiographical production itself dropped seems to be beyond doubt; the question, as ever, is why this happened.
One senses right away that this is largely a question of a change in climate. Certainly there were many instances beginning in the early seventeenth century of hardened attitudes toward female charismatics of all sorts. One was the Inquisition's decision in the s to launch an offensive against lay holy women in the larger cities of Castile, particularly Seville and Madrid.
But this was not just a case of repression. The longterm result was that religious women and their autobiographies dropped out of sight. Enlightened male authority saw these texts, along with their producers and consumers, as increasingly extravagant, irrational, and beyond the limits of good taste.
Teaching Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century French Women Writers
The focus of their objections was not possible heterodoxy, as in the past, but rather breach of decorum, and the sheer embarrassment to which these texts and the now traditional approach to religion upon which they were based gave rise. Women's spiritual autobiographies were merely one of the casualties in the major shift in religious temperament that accompanied the general, European-wide "decline of enthusiasm" in which Spain may actually have played a rather precocious role These scattered reflections are best brought to an end not by venturing any firm conclusions, but rather posing one or two final questions.
The mystery has to do with our lack of familiarity with the second and above all third stages of this story. Our ignorance derives in large measure from choices made within existing historiographic traditions, above all, the tendency within the study of eighteenth-century women's history to privilege the relation between women and Enlightenment culture. Such a focus has by and large ignored the evolution during the same period of ecstatic forms of religious discourse and iconography, now subjected to systematic devaluation by ecclesiastical and lay authorities. The point deserves underlining.
In Spanish historiography the silence regarding this sea-change is absolute; I simply know of no analysis of female religious discourse in the eighteenth century, as all studies of this question stop sometime in the previous century The causes and consequences of this historiographic choice are open to debate. While this is certainly an appropriate interpretative option, one wonders if an exclusive focus on empowerment does justice to the historical record.
This particular reservation has implications for the study of women's autobiography. We have grown accustomed as of late to conceiving of such writing as a special source, one that opens up the recondite world of women to our inspection.
I suspect that this notion of autobiography or private writing as a victorious field of dreams would benefit from challenge from other, less triumphalistic interpretations. It would be going too far in the opposite direction to cast the rise of early modern spiritual autobiography as a sort of consolation prize for women; it clearly did serve as an instrument of self-affirmation, both individual and collective.
But at some point, between a century or so of florescence and the recovery of new breath under very different circumstances in the nineteenth century, the train of this particular history was derailed. It is hard to imagine what Teresa herself would have made of this. She had quite a sense of humor, and it would be a rewarding exercise to reread her as a writer endowed with a profound sense of human and divine comedy. A model of being through writing was with great hardship created and diffused.